Worm castings also known as vermicompost is used for supplementing your garden soil and plants. Castings from composting worms have been recognized as a natural fertilizer that is packed with a lot of nutrients and minerals. Worm castings contains minerals such as concentrated nitrates, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. Worm castings are also a 100% organic fertilizer that can increase a plant’s yield, protect both soil and plants from diseases, and help the soil retain moisture.
Red worms live and eat off organic wastes that are fed to them (you can supply them with household scraps that have been collected from your kitchen or yard). The vermicomposting process allows these productive worm species to breakdown the decaying remains into a richer source of organic fertilizer (worm castings). And since the natural debris have already been broken down by the worms through digestion, the added nutrients that you supply to your plants or gardens can be absorbed immediately (unlike the soil application of chemical fertilizers and animal compost that needs to be broken down before the plants can start absorbing it).
Vermicompost is typically composed of water-soluble plant nutrients, good bacteria, enzymes, organic scraps, and days old animal compost. With all these organic elements this compost helps increase the soils capacity to retain water and nutrients because of the worm’s mucus and mineral clusters that the worms leave behind, also known as aggregates. The soil is also kept healthy because earthworm compost hosts healthier microbes into the system. Worm compost also helps keep the soil pure by removing damaging organisms such as fungus and bacteria. Like that classic movie line “if you build it, they will come”, the moist environment that having worm compost in your gardens will attract even more worms into the system. The more worms there are, in your garden, the more fertile it will be.
- Healthier soil = greater yields
- We need to develop and maintain healthy soil as a foundation for a productive and sustainable agriculture.
- Organic vermicompost enriches soil and increases plant growth and yields of up to 50 percent.
- With minimal impact on local ecosystems this fertilizer also produces the fastest plant growth.